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  • ISSN 1001-5299    CN 11-1874/S
  • 邮发代号:2-141
  • 主办:中国林产工业协会 国家林业和草原局林产工业规划设计院
林产工业
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户外用木质材料改性研究进展
户外用木质材料需具备防腐、防虫、防霉、阻燃、干燥等特性,对木材进行改性处理可以保障其在户外使用时的质量和使用性能。通过分析和总结国内外学者研究成果,按户外用木质材料处理方式不同将木材改性处理方法分为化学改性和物理改性,化学改性主要包括防腐剂浸渍处理法、乙酰化处理法、糠醇处理法、氮羟甲基化合物处理法、石蜡改性法和热固性树脂改性法;物理改性主要包括热处理法和无机纳米粒子填充法,对以上各类改性方法、改性机理及改性木材的应用等相关研究进行了概述。
1.内蒙古农业大学材料科学与艺术设计学院,呼和浩特 010018; 
2.国家林业和草原局林产工业规划设计院,北京 100010
Research Progress on Wood Materials Modification for Outdoor Use
Outdoor wood materials need to have anti-corrosion, anti-insect, anti-mildew, flame retardant, drying and other characteristics. Modification of wood can guarantee the quality and performance of wood in outdoor use. By analyzing and summarizing the research results of scholars domestically and abroad, the outdoor use wood modification treatments can be generally divided into chemical modification and physical modification. Chemical modification including antiseptic dipping treatment method, acetylation, furfuryl alcohol treatment, N-hydroxymethyl compound method, the modified paraffin wax and thermosetting resins modified method; Physical modification mainly includes heat treatment method and inorganic nano particle filling method. The modification methods, modification mechanism and application of modified wood were reviewed.
1. College of Material Science and Art Design, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, Hohhot 010018,China; 
2. Planning and Design Institute of Forest Products Industry of National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Beijing 100010, China